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SCALEXIO

Modular real-time system

The dSPACE SCALEXIO system is based on modular real-time technology for hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) and rapid control prototyping (RCP) projects. It provides high-performance real-time processors for demanding applications as well as comprehensive, precise, and fast I/O capabilities based on FPGA technology.

  • Support of processor-based and FPGA-based simulation

    The dSPACE Electrical Power Systems Simulation Package allows for the real-time simulation of electrical power system models developed in Simscape Power Systems™ (formerly SimPower­Systems™). The package provides various ways to integrate Simscape Power Systems™ models in a dSPACE HIL environment for processor-based and FPGA-based simulation. 

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  • Support of SPI and I2C

    The SCALEXIO Serial Interface Solution lets you use the Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) and Inter-Integrated Circuit (I2C) bus with a SCALEXIO system. 

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  • SCALEXIO LabBox

    The new SCALEXIO LabBox offers slots for up to 18 SCALEXIO I/O boards, making it the smallest dSPACE simulator to date. Together with the SCALEXIO Processing Unit as a computation node, it provides users with their own desktop HIL simulator.

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  • Flexible function tests

    A small, variable, custom hardware-in-the-loop simulator would be ideal to quickly test a new function or controller. This is exactly what the new SCALEXIO LabBox from dSPACE offers.

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  • Success in Action

    Launched two years ago, the SCALEXIO hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) test systems from dSPACE have already proven their value in numerous customer projects. They are now being used across the globe, in countries such as China, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK and the USA.

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  • Five years of SCALEXIO – Looking back and to the future

    In 2011, SCALEXIO was introduced as the new dSPACE hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) system. Tino Schulze, responsible for HIL test systems at dSPACE explains the past development and the plans for the future.

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  • How to Get the Best out of Your HIL Systems

    In this webinar recording, dSPACE shows you how to quickly optimize the use of HIL   systems, become ISO-26262-compliant, perform requirements-based testing, and achieve 24/7 HIL operation.

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  • Universal Real-Time Platform

    Published: dSPACE Magazine 2/2017, Dec 2017
    Function developers of mechatronic systems from a wide range of industries are now entering the SCALEXIO era. Frank Mertens, lead product manager for rapid prototyping systems at dSPACE, explains what this is all about. 

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Application Areas

The dSPACE SCALEXIO product line comprises flexible and modular systems in various sizes for hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) and rapid control prototyping (RCP) projects in various industries such as automotive, automation, aerospace, medical, transportation, or research. Its powerful real-time technology and comprehensive bus support are ideally suited for the demanding applications of today and tomorrow, which include advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS), autonomous driving, electromobility, and increasing network communication. 

Key Benefits

  • Scalable to any required size
  • Large distributed system setups
  • High-performance processor technology for fast calculation of large and complex models.
  • Comprehensive, precise, and fast I/O capabilities based on FPGA technology.
  • High bandwidth and low jitter for best closed-loop performance based on the IOCNET backbone that is optimized for real-time applications
  • Flexible software-based system configuration
  • Support of Functional Mock-up Interface (FMI)

SCALEXIO provides two types of real-time processing platforms:

  • The SCALEXIO Processing Unit is based on an industrial PC that can be used within a SCALEXIO Rack System or as a stand-alone desktop version. It is suited for applications with high performance requirements.
  • The SCALEXIO DS6001 Processor Board is a real-time platform developed by dSPACE. Thanks to its compact size, it can be integrated in a SCALEXIO LabBox. The DS6001 is suited for applications that require fast closed-loop rates or high I/O bandwidth.

Both real-time platforms provide a similar architecture. For example, they both offer a host interface and I/O interface. They also have an angular processing unit (APU) functionality for highly precise angle-based simulation to measure injection and ignition signals, for example. With these real-time platforms up to six independent APUs can be used.

Multicore Support for Large Models

Depending on the processor, large, complex simulation models can be distributed across several processor cores to ensure that they are computed in real time. A configuration software is used to distribute model parts to the cores and to configure the communication behavior, the simulation hardware, and the model connections.

Multiprocessor Support for Large Systems

Multiprocessor support means that all SCALEXIO systems can be interconnected to increase computational power. To provide large bandwidths, SCALEXIO processing hardware can be interconnected via IOCNET. To ensure convenient modeling, you can either use only one overall project in ConfigurationDesk or work with multiple projects when working with more than one team, for example.

Host Interface

Communication with the host PC is carried out via Gigabit Ethernet, so the SCALEXIO system can be used in any company network. When more than two processing hardware components are used, they are interconnected via an Ethernet switch to ensure communication with the host PC. The IP address for the connection can be assigned via a DHCP server or stored on the SCALEXIO system itself. 

  SCALEXIO Processing Unit DS6001 Processor Board

Design

  • 19'' stand-alone desktop version or rack-mount version for the SCALEXIO off-the-shelf rack system
  • 2-slot plug-in card for SCALEXIO LabBox

I/O support

  • SCALEXIO I/O boards
  • MultiCompact
  • HighFlex
  • SCALEXIO I/O boards

FIU support

  • Yes
  • No

SCALEXIO offers three types of I/O boards for its different enclosure types (SCALEXIO LabBox and SCALEXIO off-the-shelf rack system). Local signal processing on these boards helps take some of the load off the real-time processor to ensure highest real-time performance of the SCALEXIO systems. The installation and configuration is similar for all hardware types, so there is very little training effort.

All SCALEXIO I/O hardware shares the following characteristics:

  • Local signal preprocessing on I/O boards to take some of the load off the real-time processor
  • Connection to the processing unit via an IOCNET interface
  • Fully software-configurable
  • Similar installation and configuration processes, so very little training effort is necessary

  MultiCompact HighFlex SCALEXIO I/O Boards1)
General
  • Large number of I/O channels for specific applications
  • Each channel has a fixed channel type, so the costs per channel are low
  • Integrated signal conditioning and converters
  • Onboard Failure Insertion Unit (FIU)
  • Connection of real and substitute loads possible
  • Universal input/output/bus channels with freely assignable channel types
  • Very versatile and finely scalable with 10 channels per I/O board,
  • 4 channels per bus board
  • Galvanic isolation for each individual channel
  • Integrated signal conditioning and converters
  • Onboard Failure Insertion Unit (FIU)
  • Connection of real and substitute loads possible
  • Standardized connector concept for all boards
  • Boards are slot-independent and easy to assemble.
  • Large number of I/O channels with dedicated channel types
  • Small board size
  • Connection to I/O via Sub-D connector2)
  • Boards are slot-independent and easy to plug in2)
Can be used in
  • SCALEXIO off-the-shelf rack system
  • SCALEXIO off-the-shelf rack system
  • SCALEXIO off-the-shelf rack system or a SCALEXIO LabBox
Products
  • DS2680 I/O Unit
  • DS2690 Digital I/O Board
  • DS2601 Signal Measurement Board
  • DS2621 Signal Generation Board
  • DS2642 FIU & Power Switch Board
  • DS2671 Bus Board
  • DS6101 Multi-I/O Board
  • DS6201 Digital I/O Board
  • DS6202 Digital I/O Board
  • DS6221 A/D Board
  • DS2655 FPGA Base Board
  • DS6301 CAN/LIN Board
  • DS6311 FlexRay Board
  • DS6331-PE Ethernet Board
  • DS6332-CS Ethernet Board
  • DS6341 CAN Board
  • DS6351 LIN Board
1) No onboard Failure Insertion Unit (FIU), no connection of real or substitute loads.
2) Does not apply to DS6331 and DS6332.

SCALEXIO LabBox

As a laboratory system, the SCALEXIO LabBox is ideally suited for a wide range of applications, such as RCP or DAQ projects, function testing, test bench control, and as a base system for HIL setups. The compact chassis fits on an office desk and offers space for up to 18 SCALEXIO I/O boards, which can be easily changed by the user.

SCALEXIO Rack System

For ECU tests, the SCALEXIO off-the-shelf rack systems provide sufficient space for MultiCompact units, HighFlex boards, and SCALEXIO I/O boards. The SCALEXIO for HIL applications comes with nine and twelve height units (U). It is the ideal tool for testing single ECUs.

SCALEXIO Customized Rack System

The customized SCALEXIO simulator is tailored to customer-specific requirements. It provides maximum flexibility and can be expanded easily. Its typical fields of application include complex tests of networked ECUs as well as tests that include electronic loads and complete virtual vehicles.

Test Benches

ECUs that cannot be accessed via their electrical interfaces for testing require highly dynamic test benches. dSPACE offers turn-key projects for test benches that let you use mechanical loads and physically stimulated ECUs.

SCALEXIO Processing Unit The latest processor technology ConfigurationDesk for SCALEXIO Configuration and implementation software for dSPACE SCALEXIO hardware DS6001 Processor Board Compact and highly performant SCALEXIO board for fast closed-loops DS6101 Multi-I/O Board SCALEXIO® I/O hardware with signal conditioning for automotive systems DS6201 Digital I/O Board SCALEXIO® I/O board with 96 bidirectional digital I/O channels DS6221 A/D Board Fast SCALEXIO A/D Board for precise measurements DS2655 FPGA Base Board SCALEXIO® HighFlex board with user-programmable FPGA DS6301 CAN/LIN Board SCALEXIO I/O board for interfacing simulators with CAN and LIN bus systems DS6331-PE Ethernet Board The DS6331 provides additional Ethernet ports for the SCALEXIO Processing Unit DS6332-CS Ethernet Board The DS6332 provides additional Ethernet ports for the DS6001 Processor Board DS2601 Signal Measurement Board SCALEXIO® HighFlex I/O board for measuring ECU output signals DS2621 Signal Generation Board SCALEXIO HighFlex I/O board for simulating ECU inputs DS2642 FIU & Power Switch Board SCALEXIO® HighFlex board for power-switching with Failure Insertion Unit DS2671 Bus Board SCALEXIO® HighFlex board for interfacing to different bus systems DS2680 I/O Unit SCALEXIO® MultiCompact unit for powertrain and vehicle dynamics scenarios DS2690 Digital I/O Board SCALEXIO® MultiCompact board for vehicle body scenarios DS2907 Battery Simulation Controller SCALEXIO power supply control for battery simulation Electrical Power Systems Simulation Package Real-time simulation of power electronics circuits developed with Simscape Power Systems™ EMH Solution for SCALEXIO Provides a comprehensive I/O library for processor-based HIL simulation of electric drives SCALEXIO Solutions for Aerospace SCALEXIO modules for aerospace applications with ARINC 429, MIL-STD-1553, or AFDX® SCALEXIO Serial Interface Solution Lets you use the Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) with a SCALEXIO system SCALEXIO TWINsync Solution SCALEXIO solution for controlling electric drives in perfect synchronicity SCALEXIO LabBox SCALEXIO desktop HIL simulator for developers SCALEXIO Rack System The SCALEXIO off-the-shelf HIL simulators are available with up to 12 height units. SCALEXIO Customized Rack System The SCALEXIO customized rack system comprises a modular simulator concept. SCALEXIO Fieldbus Solution SCALEXIO interface solution for PROFIBUS and EtherCAT ControlDesk Universal experiment software for ECU development MotionDesk 3-D online animation of simulated mechanical systems in real time, e.g., for visualizing ADAS or vehicle dynamics scenarios Automotive Simulation Models Tool suite for simulating the engine, vehicle dynamics, electrical system, and traffic environment AutomationDesk Powerful test authoring and automation tool for HIL testing of ECUs SYNECT Data management and collaboration software with a focus on model-based development and ECU testing
Further Information